Who Is Octavia Spencer?

Born and raised in Alabama, Octavia Spencer landed her first acting gig while working behind the scenes of 1996’s A Time to Kill. Following small parts in films and TV series like City of Angels and The Chronicle, her career reached new heights in 2011 with the hit drama The Help, which earned her an Academy Award. Spencer later received Golden Globe and Oscar nominations for her portrayal of NASA mathematician Dorothy Vaughan in the 2016 biopic Hidden Figures, and for her supporting role in the 2017 sci-fi drama The Shape of Water.

Early Life

Growing up as the second youngest of seven children, Spencer didn’t think that she would become an actress. While interested in performing, she was encouraged by her mother to do something more practical. At Auburn University, Spencer studied English and Theater Arts. She graduated in 1994 and soon started working behind the camera, assisting in casting movies filmed in her native Alabama.

Films, TV Shows and Theater

‘A Time to Kill’

In 1995, Spencer landed her first on-screen role in A Time to Kill, a film adaptation of the popular John Grisham novel. She had signed on to help with casting the movie, but the director Joel Schumacher asked her to audition. Released the following year, A Time to Kill starred Sandra Bullock, Matthew McConaughey and Samuel L. Jackson. Spencer made quite an impression on Bullock, who later hired Spencer to work in her 1998 short film, Making Sandwiches.

‘The Sixth Man’

While making A Time to Kill, Spencer also met Tate Taylor, who worked on the film’s crew. The two became good friends. Around this time, Spencer decided to move to Los Angeles to pursue an acting career. She landed a part in the 1997 comedy The Sixth Man, but was disappointed when much of her performance ended up on the cutting room floor. Undeterred, Spencer took acting classes to improve herself. Her hard work paid off with small film roles and television guest spots on such shows as ER and The X-Files.

‘City of Angels,’ ‘The Chronicle’

In 2000, Spencer appeared in her first television series, City of Angels, with Blair Underwood, Vivica A. Fox and Viola Davis. The medical drama only lasted for a season. Spencer next tried science fiction with another short-lived series, The Chronicle.

‘Trials and Tribulations,’ ‘Bad Santa’

In 2003, Spencer appeared in Taylor’s well-received short comedic film Chicken Party with Allison Janney and Melissa McCarthy. She also earned raves for her stage debut in the Los Angeles production of Del Shore’s The Trials and Tribulations of a Trailer Trash Housewife that same year. More small screen roles followed, including her memorable turn in Bad Santa with Billy Bob Thornton. Spencer gave another scene-stealing performance in the comedy series Ugly Betty, playing an INS agent.

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Spencer became known as a strong supporting actress, adept at both drama and comedy. Entertainment Weekly named her one of its 25 funniest actresses in Hollywood in 2009, calling her “sassy, smart and wise beyond her years.” But it took a personal connection to take her career to the next level.

Oscar Win for ‘The Help’

Through her friend Tate Taylor, Spencer met author Kathryn Stockett. Stockett and Taylor had been friends since childhood, and he bought the film rights to her novel The Help before the book was even published. The Help explores the lives of two very different sets of women in a Southern town in the 1960s—white housewives and their African American maids. Stockett had drawn inspiration from Spencer for one of the maids, Minny, and Spencer even accompanied Stockett on a book tour. A white writer, Stockett felt uncomfortable reading the Black maids’ dialogue and brought Spencer along to read those parts.

When it came time to cast the film, however, Spencer had to audition for the part. The novel had become a best-seller and there was some pressure to cast a famous actress as Minny. But Spencer soon won over any doubters that she was the one for the part. In the film, Emma Stone stars as a young white woman who writes a controversial book based on interviews with “the help.” Spencer plays Minny, who works for the town’s social pariah (Jessica Chastain) after being fired by her previous employer.

Released in the summer 2011, The Help proved to be a commercial and critical hit. Spencer herself received largely warm reviews and netted several accolades, including a Golden Globe Award in 2012. In her acceptance speech, Spencer quoted the late Martin Luther King Jr.: “All labor that uplifts humanity has dignity and importance.”

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She also took home the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress that February for her work on The Help. Nearly overcome by emotion, Spencer thanked “my family in Alabama—the state of Alabama. My L.A. family. … My Help family,” in her acceptance speech. She later said that she “can be some sort of beacon of hope, particularly because I’m not the typical Hollywood beauty.”

Spencer hoped that her newfound fame would lead to greater opportunities in front and behind the camera. “I want to do more ensemble movies like I’m doing now … I want to work with the best of the best,” Spencer told Backstage. “I’m trying to write now and get things I want to produce now that I’m meeting all of these great producers and people with deep pockets.”

‘Fruitvale Station,’ ‘Get on Up,’ ‘Insurgent’

After her Oscar win, Spencer enjoyed a prominent role in 2013’s Fruitvale Station with Michael B. Jordan. The following year, she appeared in Get on Up, the James Brown biopic, and co-starred with Kevin Costner in Black or White. Spencer then joined Shailene Woodley in The Divergent Series, playing the character of Johanna Reyes in Insurgent (2015) and Allegiant (2016).

‘Zootopia,’ ‘Hidden Figures’

The year 2016 brought more success for Spencer, who delivered her first voice role as Mrs. Otterton in the Disney animated hit Zootopia. She also received Golden Globe and Oscar nominations for her role in the biopic Hidden Figures, in which she plays Dorothy Vaughan, an African American mathematician who, along with other African American women working at NASA, helped launch American astronauts into space. Her co-stars included Taraji P. Henson as Katherine Johnson and Janelle Monáe as Mary Jackson.

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‘The Shape of Water’

Spencer cemented her standing as one of Hollywood’s premier talents with her performance in the 2017 fantasy drama The Shape of Water, again earning Golden Globe and Oscar nominations for Best Supporting Actress. She followed in 2018 with roles in A Kid Like Jake and Instant Family, and also executive produced the Oscar-winning film Green Book.

‘Truth Be Told,’ ‘Self Made’

In January 2018, it was announced Spencer would headline an adaptation of Are You Sleeping for the upcoming Apple TV+streaming service, which debuted as Truth Be Told in December 2019. Early the following year, she was seen as the titular hair care millionaire of the Netflix miniseries Self Made: Inspired by the Life of Madam C.J. Walker, and heard with her voice roles in Dolittle and Onward.


  • Name: Octavia Spencer
  • Birth Year: 1972
  • Birth date: May 25, 1972
  • Birth State: Alabama
  • Birth City: Montgomery
  • Birth Country: United States
  • Gender: Female
  • Best Known For: After years of scene-stealing small acting roles, Octavia Spencer rose to fame with her award-winning performance in 2011’s ‘The Help.’
  • Industries
    • Film
    • Television
  • Astrological Sign: Gemini
  • Schools
    • Auburn University

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  • Article Title: Octavia Spencer Biography
  • Author: Biography.com Editors
  • Website Name: The Biography.com website
  • Url: https://www.biography.com/actors/octavia-spencer
  • Access Date:
  • Publisher: A&E; Television Networks
  • Last Updated: August 17, 2020
  • Original Published Date: April 2, 2014