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Bette Davis is widely regarded as one of the greatest actresses in the history of American cinema. With her extraordinary talent, distinctive persona, and unwavering commitment to her craft, Davis left an indelible mark on the film industry. Throughout her illustrious career spanning over six decades, she fearlessly ventured into a wide variety of roles, effortlessly transitioning from glamourous leading lady to complex and unconventional characters. Her exceptional performances garnered critical acclaim, numerous accolades, and a devoted fan base. From her memorable collaborations with acclaimed directors to her trailblazing influence on gender representation in Hollywood, Bette Davis remains an iconic figure whose impact continues to reverberate in the world of film. This essay aims to delve into the life, career, and enduring legacy of this legendary actress.
Who Was Bette Davis?
American actress Bette Davis was born on April 5, 1908, in Lowell, Massachusetts. After a brief theater career, she became one of the biggest stars in the Hollywood studio system, appearing in nearly 100 films before her death in 1989. Davis is still considered an icon for her performances in such films as All About Eve and Dark Victory, as well as for her larger-than-life persona both on and off the silver screen.
Davis was born Ruth Elizabeth Davis on April 5, 1908, in Lowell Massachusetts, to Ruth (Favor) and Harlow Morrell Davis. When she was seven years old, her father divorced her mother, who was left to raise Bette and younger daughter Barbara on her own.
As a teen, Davis began acting in school productions at the Cushing Academy in Massachusetts. After a stint in summer stock theater in Rochester, New York, Davis moved to New York City, where she attended the John Murray Anderson/Robert Milton School of Theatre and Dance. Lucille Ball was one of her classmates.
Broadway Debut and Early Film Career
Davis began to audition for theater parts in New York, and in 1929 she made her stage début at Greenwich Village’s Provincetown Playhouse in The Earth Between. Later that year, at the age of 21, she made her first Broadway appearance in the comedy Broken Dishes.
A screen test landed Davis a contract with Hollywood’s Universal Pictures, where she was assigned a small role in the film Bad Sister (1931), followed by similar minor parts in a few more movies. She moved to Warner Brothers in 1932, after gaining notice in that studio’s production of The Man Who Played God. Following this breakthrough, Davis would go on to make 14 films over the next three years.
In 1934, Warner Brothers loaned Davis to RKO Pictures for Of Human Bondage, a drama based on a novel by W. Somerset Maugham. Davis received her first Academy Award nomination for her performance as the vulgar, cold-hearted waitress Mildred. Throughout the rest of her career, she would portray many other strong-willed, even unlikable, women who defied society’s rules.
Davis won her first Academy Award in 1935, for her role as a troubled young actress in Dangerous. She then appeared in The Petrified Forest with male stars Leslie Howard and Humphrey Bogart in 1937. After a rocky period at Warner Brothers, during which time she was suspended for turning down roles, sued the studio and spent some time in England, she returned to Hollywood, and was offered a higher salary and better choice of roles.
Davis received her second Oscar for her performance as a rebellion Southern belle in 1938’s Jezebel. A number of critical and box-office successes followed: She played a heiress coming to terms with mortal illness in Dark Victory and Elizabeth I in The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (both released in 1939), and went on to deliver several well-received performances in films of the 1940s, including The Little Foxes; the comedy The Man Who Came to Dinner; the American drama Now, Voyager; and the drama The Corn is Green. By the time she severed ties with Warner Brothers in 1949, Davis was one of its largest talents.
In 1950, Davis gave one of her most indelible performances in the show-business drama All About Eve, starring as Margo Channing, a theater actress who fends off the insecurities of approaching middle age (and the scheming of a manipulative protégé) with sarcastic wit and more than a few cocktails. In one of her many memorable lines, she quipped, “Fasten your seatbelts: it’s going to be a bumpy night.”
Davis depicted Elizabeth I again in The Virgin Queen (1955) and appeared in Tennessee Williams’s The Night of the Iguana on Broadway in 1961. Some of her other work during this time was more lurid, however. In the horror movie (and camp classic) What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (1962), she co-starred with Joan Crawford as a former child star caring for her disabled sister. She was featured in another horror film in 1964, Hush…Hush Sweet Charlotte, and then played an eye-patch-wearing matriarch in the melodrama The Anniversary in 1968.
Despite health problems in her late years, including a fight against breast cancer, Davis continued acting. She appeared in the horror movie Burnt Offerings (1976) and was part of the all-star ensemble cast of the Agatha Christie mystery Death on the Nile (1979). One of her final film roles was that of a blind woman in The Whales of August (1987), appearing opposite Lillian Gish. She also appeared on television, winning an Emmy Award for 1979’s Strangers: The Story of a Mother and Daughter.
Davis received many awards later in life, including the American Film Institute Life Achievement Award in 1977 and the Kennedy Center Honors Award in 1987.
Bette Davis died on October 6, 1989, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, at the age of 81. At the time of her death, she was on her way home from a film festival in Spain, where she had just been honored for her work in film.
Davis married four times. Her first marriage, to bandleader Harmon Oscar Nelson Jr., ended in divorce; her second husband, businessman Arthur Farnsworth, died in 1943. With third husband William Grant Sherry, Davis had a daughter named Barbara. While married to Gary Merrill, her co-star in All About Eve, she adopted two children, Margot and Michael; the marriage ended in divorce.
Davis published two autobiographies during her lifetime: The Lonely Life (1962) and This ‘n’ That (1987).
- Name: Bette Davis
- Birth Year: 1908
- Birth date: April 5, 1908
- Birth State: Massachusetts
- Birth City: Lowell
- Birth Country: United States
- Gender: Female
- Best Known For: Bette Davis is remembered as one of Hollywood’s legendary leading ladies, famous for her larger-than-life persona and for her nearly 100 film appearances.
- Theater and Dance
- Astrological Sign: Aries
- Cushing Academy
- John Murray Anderson/Robert Milton School of Theatre and Dance
- Death Year: 1989
- Death date: October 6, 1989
- Death City: Neuilly-sur-Seine
- Death Country: France
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- Article Title: Bette Davis Biography
- Author: Biography.com Editors
- Website Name: The Biography.com website
- Url: https://www.biography.com/actor/bette-davis
- Access Date:
- Publisher: A&E; Television Networks
- Last Updated: April 9, 2021
- Original Published Date: April 3, 2014
- Did I ever try to be low-key? Never, never, never! I fought that from the beginning. I think that acting should be larger than life.
- To look back is to relax one’s vigil.
- If you’ve never been hated by your child, you’ve never been a parent.
In conclusion, Bette Davis was undeniably a trailblazing and iconic figure in the world of cinema. With her distinctive beauty, commanding presence, and extraordinary acting skills, she captivated audiences and left an indelible mark on the industry. Davis’ ability to embody a wide range of characters, from strong and assertive women to vulnerable and complex individuals, showcased her incredible versatility and talent. She challenged societal norms and paved the way for future generations of actresses to break the mold and explore complex roles. Despite facing numerous challenges throughout her career, Davis remained determined, resilient, and unapologetically herself. Her legacy as one of Hollywood’s greatest legends is not only in the numerous awards she received but also in the lasting impact she had on the film industry as a whole. Bette Davis will forever be remembered as a true Hollywood icon, and her contributions to the world of cinema will continue to inspire and entertain audiences for generations to come.
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